Department of Labor and Regulation

Title - Labor Market Information Center

South Dakota nonfarm industry trends in 2011

From the February 2012 South Dakota e-Labor Bulletin

Please note: Unless otherwise noted, the following highlights are based on a comparison of annual average data for 2010 and 2011.

Statewide Trends

South Dakota total nonfarm employment increased by 3,000 workers (0.7 percent) from 2010 to 2011. Our state fared relatively well during the recession and into the recovery stage, which was reflected by our unemployment rate being consistently much lower than the national rate.

Goods producing industries (which include mining, logging and construction plus manufacturing) in South Dakota had a gain of 1,900 workers (3.3 percent) during 2011. Service providing industries (which includes all other sectors except government) had a gain of 1,100 workers (0.3 percent).

South Dakota Statewide Nonfarm Wage & Salaried Workers by Industry
Industry 2010
Annual Average
2011 Annual Average Net Change Percent Change
Total Nonfarm 403,200 406,200 3,000 0.7%

  Total Private

324,500 328,200 3,700 1.1%
     Goods Producing 57,900 59,800 1,900 3.3%
     Service Providing 345,300 346,400 1,100 0.3%
Natural Resources, Mining and Construction 21,000 20,900 -100 -0.5%
Manufacturing 36,900 38,900 2,000 5.4%
Wholesale Trade 18,600 19,100 500 2.7%
Retail Trade 49,500 50,500 1,000 2.0%
Transportation, Warehousing & Utilities 12,500 12,600 100 0.8%
Information 6,500 6,400 -100 -1.5%
Financial Activities 28,900 28,000 -900 -3.1%
Professional & Business Services 27,500 28,500 1,000 3.6%
Educational & Health Services 64,500 65,400 900 1.4%
Leisure & Hospitality 43,000 42,400 -600 -1.4%
Other Services (except Public Administration) 15,600 15,500 -100 -0.6%
Government 78,700 78,000 -700 -0.9%

Note: Numbers may not add due to rounding.
Source: Labor Market Information Center, South Dakota Department of Labor, March 2012.

The natural resources, mining and construction sector remained relatively stable over the year, with a 100 worker (0.5 percent) loss. The construction industry accounts for most of the workers within this sector. Data published by the U.S. Census Bureau shows new privately owned housing permits in South Dakota did increase this past year, from 2,193 permits in 2010 to 2,939 in 2011. This compares to an overall decline of 1,204 (29.2 percent) permits for the 2008-2010 period, which corresponded with the loss of 2,300 workers (9.9 percent) in this industry for the same time period.

Manufacturing gained 2,000 workers (5.4 percent) from 2010 to 2011. This gain reflects a comeback from the recessionary losses that occurred during the years 2008 and 2009, with a total combined loss of 5,800 workers by the end of 2009. The manufacturing sector has experienced over-the-year employment gains since July 2010.

The wholesale trade sector increased by 500 workers (2.7 percent) during the year. The strong agriculture economy in South Dakota served as a solid source of support to the wholesale trade industry.

The retail trade sector gained 1,000 workers (2.0 percent) from 2010 to 2011.

Transportation, warehousing and utilities remained relatively stable over the year, increasing by 100 workers (0.8 percent). The information sector also remained relatively stable, with a loss of 100 workers (1.5 percent).

Worker levels in the financial activities industry dropped by 900 workers (3.1 percent). This continues the slightly downward trend of national and local credit card operations affected by legislated restrictive credit card laws. Banks not deeply involved with credit card operations remained relatively stable.

Professional and business services added 1,000 workers (3.6 percent). The professional and business service industry increase was the result of other industry businesses increasing output and therefore needing a higher level of services being provided by professional and business services.

The education and health services sector increased by 900 workers (1.4 percent). Approximately 200 workers were added within the private education sector, as educational institutions continue to expand their educational curriculum to meet expected workforce needs. (Note: public education is classified within government.)

An additional 700 workers were added within the healthcare and social assistance sector, continuing a lengthy growth trend. State healthcare worker numbers have increased every year since the data was first recorded in 1972. The continued worker demand in this industry is related to several factors, including continued population growth, an aging population and specialized procedures which require additional staff. As life expectancy increases related to medical advancements, people are living longer, with the older population typically using health care services more often.

Leisure and hospitality services decreased by 600 workers (1.4 percent). Other services remained relatively stable with a loss of 100 workers (0.6 percent) from 2010 to 2011.

Total government reflected a loss of 700 workers (0.9 percent). This loss was shared by the federal government (400 workers or 3.4 percent) and local government (300 workers or 0.6 percent). The state government worker level was unchanged.

Rapid City Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) Trends

The Rapid City MSA's total nonfarm worker level increased by 900 (1.5 percent) from 2010 to 2011. Most industry sectors showed growth over the year or remained stable, with the exception of the information sector (loss of 100 workers or 10.0 percent) and leisure and hospitality (loss of 100 workers or 1.2 percent).

Rapid City MSA Nonfarm Wage & Salaried Workers by Industry
(Meade & Pennington Counties)
Industry 2010
Annual Average
2011 Annual Average Net Change Percent Change
Total Nonfarm 60,500 61,400 900 1.5%

  Total Private

49,700 50,500 800 1.6%
     Goods Producing 6,800 6,900 100 1.5%
     Service Providing 53,700 54,400 700 1.3%
Natural Resources, Mining and Construction 4,300 4,400 100 2.3%
Manufacturing 2,500 2,500 0 0.0%
Wholesale Trade 2,000 2,000 0 0.0%
Retail Trade 8,700 9,000 300 3.4%
Transportation, Warehousing & Utilities 1,700 1,700 0 0.0%
Information 1,000 900 -100 -10.0%
Financial Activities 3,700 3,700 0 0.0%
Professional & Business Services 4,700 4,900 200 4.3%
Educational & Health Services 9,700 10,100 400 4.1%
Leisure & Hospitality 8,600 8,500 -100 -1.2%
Other Services (except Public Administration) 2,700 2,800 100 3.7%
Government 10,800 10,900 100 0.9%
Note: Numbers may not add due to rounding.
Source: Labor Market Information Center, South Dakota Department of Labor, March 2012

Sioux Falls Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) Trends

The Sioux Falls MSA total nonfarm worker level increased by 2,500 workers (1.9 percent) from 2010 to 2011. Most industry sectors added workers or remained stable, with the exception of the financial activities, which showed a drop of 500 workers (3.2 percent).

Sioux Falls MSA Nonfarm Wage & Salaried Workers by Industry
(Lincoln, Minnehaha, McCook & Turner Counties)
Industry 2010
Annual Average
2011 Annual Average Net Change Percent Change
Total Nonfarm 133,400 135,900 2,500 1.9%

  Total Private

120,400 122,900 2,500 2.1%
     Goods Producing 18,600 18,900 300 1.6%
     Service Providing 114,800 117,000 2,200 1.9%
Natural Resources, Mining and Construction 6,600 6,600 0 0.0%
Manufacturing 11,900 12,300 400 3.4%
Wholesale Trade 6,700 7,000 300 4.5%
Retail Trade 16,500 17,300 800 4.8%
Transportation, Warehousing & Utilities 4,900 4,900 0 0.0%
Information 2,900 2,900 0 0.0%
Financial Activities 15,500 15,000 -500 -3.2%
Professional & Business Services 11,300 11,900 600 5.3%
Educational & Health Services 26,500 27,300 800 3.0%
Leisure & Hospitality 12,700 12,900 200 1.6%
Other Services (except Public Administration) 4,800 4,800 0 0.0%
Government 13,000 13,000 0 0.0%
Note: Numbers may not add due to rounding.
Source: Labor Market Information Center, South Dakota Department of Labor, March 2012

Balance of State Trends

The balance of state is comprised of all counties not defined as part of an MSA. Therefore, balance of state includes all counties except Pennington, Meade, Lincoln, Minnehaha, McCook and Turner. The remainder of state data allows one to see how industries are doing in the more rural areas of South Dakota.

Total nonfarm employment in this area suffered a minimal decline of 400 workers (0.2 percent). Private industries losing the most workers include leisure and hospitality (700 or 3.2 percent) and financial activities (400 or 4.1 percent). Manufacturing added the most workers (1,600 or 7.1 percent).

Balance of State*
Nonfarm Wage & Salaried Workers by Industry
Industry 2010
Annual Average
2011 Annual Average Net Change Percent Change
Total Nonfarm 209,300 208,900 -400 -0.2%

  Total Private

154,400 154,800 400 0.3%
     Goods Producing 32,500 34,000 1,500 4.6%
     Service Providing 176,800 175,000 -1,800 -1.0%
Natural Resources, Mining and Construction 10,100 9,900 -200 -2.0%
Manufacturing 22,500 24,100 1,600 7.1%
Wholesale Trade 9,900 10,100 200 2.0%
Retail Trade 24,300 24,200 -100 -0.4%
Transportation, Warehousing & Utilities 5,900 6,000 100 1.7%
Information 2,600 2,600 0 0.0%
Financial Activities 9,700 9,300 -400 -4.1%
Professional & Business Services 11,500 11,700 200 1.7%
Educational & Health Services 28,300 28,000 -300 -1.1%
Leisure & Hospitality 21,700 21,000 -700 -3.2%
Other Services (except Public Administration) 8,100 7,900 -200 -2.5%
Government 54,900 54,100 -800 -1.5%
*Balance of State includes all counties of South Dakota except those included in the Metropolitan Statistical Areas (Meade, Pennington, Lincoln, Minnehaha, McCook and Turner counties).
Note: Numbers may not add due to rounding.
Source: Labor Market Information Center, South Dakota Department of Labor, March 2012

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Marcia Hultman, Secretary
700 Governors Drive
Pierre, SD 57501-2291
Tel. 605.773.3101
Fax. 605.773.6184