Department of Labor and Regulation

Title - Labor Market Information Center

August 2014 South Dakota statewide data just released

Note: The following data release includes August 2014 seasonally adjusted statewide labor force and both seasonally adjusted and not seasonally adjusted statewide nonfarm data. The full release of August 2014 labor force and not seasonally adjusted nonfarm wage and salaried worker data for all areas will be on September 26, with the publication of the South Dakota e-Labor Bulletin. August 2014 not seasonally adjusted data will also be published in the historical data bases of labor force and nonfarm wage and salaried worker data at that time. Seasonally adjusted August 2014 labor force data for the two Metropolitan Statistical Areas will be available Oct. 1, 2014.

Labor Force

Preliminary estimates show the August 2014 South Dakota labor force down over the month, with the level of employed decreasing by 700 (0.2 percent). The level of unemployed decreased by 500 (3.0 percent).

Nationally, both the unemployment rate (6.1 percent) and the number of unemployed persons (9.6 million) changed little. Over the year, the unemployment rate and the number of unemployed persons were down by 1.1 percentage points and 1.7 million, respectively.

Seasonally Adjusted Labor Force
  August 2014   July 2014
Labor Force Employed Unemployed Rate Labor Force Employed Unemployed Rate
United States 155,959,000 146,368,000 9,591,000 6.1% 156,023,000 146,352,000 9,671,000 6.2%
South Dakota 450,600 434,600 16,000 3.6% 451,800 435,300 16,500 3.7%

South Dakota's August 2014 labor force of 450,600 increased compared to the August 2013 level of 448,500. The level of employed increased by 3,100 (0.7 percent); the level of unemployed decreased by 1,000 persons (5.9 percent).

Seasonally Adjusted Labor Force
  August 2014   August 2013
Labor Force Employed Unemployed Rate Labor Force Employed Unemployed Rate
United States 155,959,000 146,368,000 9,591,000 6.1% 155,435,000 144,179,000 11,256,000 7.2%
South Dakota 450,600 434,600 16,000 3.6% 448,500 431,500 17,000 3.8%

The unemployment rate represents the number of unemployed as a percent of the labor force. People are classified as unemployed if they do not have jobs, have actively looked for work in the prior four weeks and are currently available for work. People who were not working and were waiting to be recalled to jobs from which they were temporarily laid off are also included as unemployed.

Note: The published unemployment rate presented above may not equal the percentage calculated using the published unemployed and labor force figures presented above due to rounding.

Nonfarm wage & salaried workers

The August 2014 nonfarm worker data is preliminary and subject to revision.

Over the month, the seasonally adjusted worker level decreased by 500 (0.1 percent) when comparing the July level of 421,700 to the preliminary August level of 421,200.

Over the year, the seasonally adjusted nonfarm worker level increased by 3,100 workers (0.7 percent). The largest number of jobs were added within the professional and business services (1,600 workers or 5.5 percent), wholesale trade (1,000 workers or 5.0 percent) and manufacturing (900 workers or 2.2 percent) industry sectors.

South Dakota
(Seasonally Adjusted)

% Change From
August*
2014
July
2014
August
2013
Last
Month
Last
Year
Total 421,200 421,700 418,100 -0.1 0.7
Mining, Logging & Construction 21,200 22,100 21,600 -4.1 -1.9
Manufacturing 42,400 42,600 41,500 -0.5 2.2
Trade, Transportation & Utilities 84,500 84,900 83,400 -0.5 1.3
  Wholesale Trade 20,900 20,600 19,900 1.5 5.0
  Retail Trade 51,300 51,800 51,000 -1.0 0.6
  Transportation, Warehousing & Utilities 12,300 12,500 12,500 -1.6 -1.6
Information 6,200 6,300 6,000 -1.6 3.3
Financial Activities 30,000 29,900 29,900 0.3 0.3
Professional & Business Services 30,900 31,000 29,300 -0.3 5.5
Educational & Health Services 67,100 67,100 67,900 0.0 -1.2
Educational Services  7,500 7,600 7,400 -1.3 1.4
   Health Care & Social Assistance 59,600 59,500 60,500 0.2 -1.5
Leisure & Hospitality 44,100 43,500 44,700 1.4 -1.3
Other Services (except Public Administration) 16,100 16,200 16,000 -0.6 0.6
Government 78,700 78,100 77,800 0.8 1.2
  Federal Government 11,400 11,200 11,000 1.8 3.6
  State Government 18,700 18,700 18,500 0.0 1.1
  Local Government 48,600 48,200 48,300 0.8 0.6

The table above shows the seasonally adjusted data. A table displaying the not seasonally adjusted data can be found below. Visit our technical notes Web page for an explanation of seasonal adjustment.

Over the month, the not seasonally adjusted nonfarm wage and salaried worker level increased by 1,200 workers (0.3 percent) from July 2014 to August 2014.

Over the year, the not seasonally adjusted nonfarm wage and salaried worker level increased by 4,900 workers (1.2 percent). The largest number of jobs were added within the professional and business services (1,600 workers or 5.3 percent), wholesale trade (1,000 workers or 5.0 percent) and manufacturing (1,100 workers or 2.6 percent) industry sectors.

South Dakota
(Not Seasonally Adjusted)

% Change From
August*
2014
July
2014
August
2013
Last
Month
Last
Year
Total 429,900 428,700 425,000 0.3 1.2
Mining, Logging & Construction 24,300 25,000 24,300 -2.8 0.0
Manufacturing 42,900 43,100 41,800 -0.5 2.6
Trade, Transportation & Utilities 85,900 86,100 84,700 -0.2 1.4
  Wholesale Trade 21,000 20,800 20,000 1.0 5.0
  Retail Trade 52,300 52,600 52,100 -0.6 0.4
  Transportation, Warehousing & Utilities 12,600 12,700 12,600 -0.8 0.0
Information 6,300 6,300 6,200 0.0 1.6
Financial Activities 30,000 30,100 30,000 -0.3 0.0
Professional & Business Services 31,700 32,000 30,100 -0.9 5.3
Educational & Health Services 66,700 66,600 67,500 0.2 -1.2
Educational Services  6,700 6,800 6,700 -1.5 0.0
   Health Care & Social Assistance 60,000 59,800 60,800 0.3 -1.3
      Hospitals 23,900 23,700 23,500 0.8 1.7
Leisure & Hospitality 51,400 49,000 50,700 4.9 1.4
Other Services (except Public Administration) 16,200 16,500 16,200 -1.8 0.0
Government 74,500 74,000 73,500 0.7 1.4
  Federal Government 11,400 11,200 11,000 1.8 3.6
  State Government 17,400 17,300 17,200 0.6 1.2
  Local Government 45,700 45,500 45,300 0.4 0.9

*Note: All August 2014 data in the tables and narrative above is preliminary and subject to revision.

A more comprehensive overview of the labor market in August 2014, including substate labor force and nonfarm industry data, will be available September 26 in the South Dakota e-Labor Bulletin published on this website. To view the current e-Labor Bulletin, click on the large "e" on our home page or subscribe to receive an email notice when a new edition is available.

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Overview of the labor market in July

Labor Supply

The number of South Dakotans who would be available to staff a new or expanding business, or South
Dakota's labor supply, was estimated at 51,755
in July 2014. Included in this labor supply are those who currently hold jobs (and would like to change) and those who, for a variety of reasons, do not have jobs. (See related data.)

South Dakota Labor Supply
July 2014

July 2014 labor supply estimates by county for South Dakota

Labor Force

This data is seasonally adjusted.

Preliminary estimates show the July 2014 South Dakota labor force down over the month, with the level of employed decreasing by 1,600 (0.4 percent). The level of unemployed decreased by 500 (2.9 percent).

Nationally, both the unemployment rate (6.2 percent) and the number of unemployed persons (9.7 million) changed little in July. Over the past 12 months, the unemployment rate and the number of unemployed persons have declined by 1.1 percentage points and 1.7 million, respectively.

South Dakota's July 2014 labor force of 451,800 increased compared to the July 2013 level of 448,600. The level of employed increased by 3,900 (0.9 percent); the level of unemployed decreased by 700 persons (4.0 percent).

South Dakota Unemployment Rates by County
Not seasonally adjusted
July 2014

July 2014 unemployment rates by county for South Dakota

Notes about labor force data

The unemployment rate represents the number of unemployed as a percent of the labor force. People are classified as unemployed if they do not have jobs, have actively looked for work in the prior four weeks and are currently available for work. People who were not working and were waiting to be recalled to jobs from which they were temporarily laid off are also included as unemployed.

Labor force estimates for South Dakota are produced by the Labor Market Information Center in cooperation with the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. The concepts and definitions underlying the labor force data come from the Current Population Survey (CPS), the household survey which is the official measure of the labor force for the nation. The statewide estimate of the number of nonfarm jobs is a component of the model used to produce the labor force estimates. Other data used in this model include the number of continued unemployment insurance claims and survey data from the Current Population Survey (CPS) which is specific to the state.

Although state specific data is used in the production of the labor force estimates for South Dakota, the state monthly model estimates are controlled in "real time" to sum to national monthly labor force estimates from the CPS. Therefore, variation in the estimates of the employed and unemployed are somewhat controlled by what is happening nationally. (See methodology.)

South Dakota Nonfarm Wage & Salaried Workers by Industry

This data is not seasonally adjusted.

Over-the-month comparisons

Based on a monthly survey of South Dakota establishments where employment data is collected for the pay periods that occur during the 12th of the month, preliminary estimates show the total nonfarm wage and salaried worker level decreased by 2,300 (or 0.5 percent) from June 2014 to July 2014.

Private service-providing industries produced the overwhelming majority of the over-the-month growth. There were numerous events that increased the demand for these services such as Wild West Days, Black Hills Round Up, Jazzfest, Laura Ingalls Wilder Pageant, Hot Harley Nights, Summer Arts Festival, Cruiser Car Show, Festival in the Park, Hills Alive, Storybook Land Festival, Badlands Astronomy Festival, Fiesta Nights, Gold Discovery Days, Corn Stampede Rodeo and the South Dakota Peach Festival.

The leisure and hospitality industry showed the largest private gain with a 1,200 worker (or 2.5 percent) increase; seasonal events demanded more of these industries' services. Professional and business services added 400 workers (1.3 percent). Local government also showed seasonal over-the-month losses with a 4,500 worker (or 9.0 percent) decrease as staff and faculty were in the middle of the summer break.

Over-the-year comparisons

Based on a monthly survey of South Dakota establishments, preliminary estimates show total nonfarm wage and salaried workers increased by 6,300 (or 1.5 percent) from July 2013 to July 2014.

Professional and business services had an over-the-year increase of 1,800 workers (6.0 percent). The July 2014 level was 31,900 compared to 30,100 in July 2013. During the time frame of January 2003 to December 2013, the industry has overall continued to trend upwards.

Wholesale trade showed worker gains over-the-year with an added 700 workers (3.5 percent). The July 2013 level was 20,200 compared to 20,900 in July 2014. The wholesale trade industry has been steadily trending upward since 2008.

Manufacturing produced a gain of 1,200 workers (2.9 percent) over-the-year from 41,900 in July 2013 to 43,100 in July 2014. South Dakota manufacturing has performed uniquely, as the industry produced worker growth from the beginning of 2004 all the way through November 2008, while national manufacturing has not shown growth since 1998. South Dakota showed its first over-the-year loss in August 2008 as the national recession became more pronounced and the world recession continued. South Dakota has shown a steady increase in manufacturing from the recession.

Leisure and hospitality had a worker gain of 200 workers over the year (0.4 percent) to a level of 49,200 in July 2014. The July 2013 worker level was 49,000. This sector fluctuates due to seasonality and events during the year. During the years of 2003-2013, the industry shows very consistently of peak and low yearly patterns. Retail trade had an increase of 400 workers (0.8 percent) over the year.

Find nonfarm worker data for areas within South Dakota.

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See more information on the Current Employment Statistics (CES) Program, including definitions.


Marcia Hultman, Secretary
700 Governors Drive
Pierre, SD 57501-2291
Tel. 605.773.3101
Fax. 605.773.6184