Department of Labor and Regulation

Title - Labor Market Information Center

Covered Workers & Annual Pay - 2010 Annual Summary

Natural Resources & Mining Industry Group

The Natural Resources and Mining industry group is made up of the Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting industry and the Mining industry. Businesses in this industry group grow crops, raise livestock or extract natural mineral solids at a mine site, to name just a few examples.

South Dakota Covered Workers and Pay 
Natural Resources & Mining Industry Group

Industry Group, Industry and Subsector Number of Establishments Average Number of Workers Annual Pay
Natural Resources and Mining
  Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting
   Crop Production
   Animal Production
   Forestry and Logging
   Fishing, Hunting and Trapping
   Agriculture and Forestry Support Activities
   Oil and Gas Extraction
   Mining, except Oil and Gas
   Support Activities for Mining
Totals may not add due to rounding.
Data subject to revision.
Produced by the Labor Market Information Center, South Dakota Department of Labor, in cooperation with the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

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Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting Industry
NAICS Sector 11

The Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting industry experienced a worker gain from 2009 to 2010, adding 200 (5.1 percent) for an annual average employment level of 4,135. The annual pay of workers also increased, rising by $982 (3.3 percent) to $30,846. Although the worker increase was less than previous years, percentage-wise, this industry showed the third largest increase of all major sector industries. After showing the largest percentage increase in annual pay in 2009 at 4 percent, the industry dropped to the ninth highest ranking in annual pay increase in 2010, at 3.3 percent. Although both showed positive gains, the worker increase was 0.7 percent less than in 2009, and the annual pay for 2010 was 1.1 percent higher than 2009. Any gains are welcome.

Three of the five subsectors in the industry reported gains in workers between 2009 and 2010. Establishments in the Animal Production (NAICS 112) and Crop Production (NAICS 111) both made up 46 percent of the worker increases in this subsector. They added adding 92 and 91 jobs over the year, respectively, and increased 3.7 percent and 10.7 percent, respectively. These increases show drought conditions from not too many years back are a thing of the past, with more workers being hired to help with crop production and cattle raising. The main concerns for this year and the next few years will be flooding and the inability to get crops planted. Industries in the crop production subsector grow crops mainly for food, fiber and, most recently, for fuel, while industries in the animal production subsector raise or fatten animals for the sale of the animals or animal products.

The other industry gaining workers during the year was Support Activities (NAICS 115) with increase of 28 workers. Industries in the support subsector are primarily engaged in providing support services that are an essential part of agricultural and forestry production.

The two subsectors losing workers were Forestry and Logging (NAICS 113), with a eight worker (6.5 percent) loss, and Fishing, Hunting and Trapping (NAICS 114), which showed a modest decrease of two workers (7.4 percent). The large percentage decrease in Fishing, Hunting and Trapping is attributed to the small size of the subsector. The reason for the loss in Forestry and Logging could be attributed to the long production cycle inherent to the growing and harvesting of timber, which means it is susceptible to many variables. Meanwhile, the loss in Fishing, Hunting and Trapping was also likely related to "the nature of the beast" for the industry; harvesting of fish and wild animals from their natural habitats is dependent upon a continued supply of natural resources, thus any upsets to those resources can impact the harvest and related employment levels.

Twenty of the 22 industries showed annual wage increases with Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting ranked number 10 with an annual pay increase of $982. Within the industry, Forestry and Logging led the way with a (8.1 percent) increase worth $2,372, which made up for the previous year loss of $1,174. Four of the five subsectors had positive pay increases, and only one subsector, Fishing, Hunting and Trapping, showed a drop in annual pay, down $618 or 3.9 percent over the year.

Ag, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting graph

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Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction
NAICS Sector 21

For the second straight year Mining, Quarrying and Oil and Gas Extraction lost workers. Although not as drastic as the previous year the industry did lose 18 workers or 2.2 percent of the entire industry totals, dropping to 818 workers in this sector. Two of the three subsectors lost workers, while the other gained just one worker. Mining (except Oil and Gas) lost the most workers at 16 (2.1 percent); it was followed by Support Activities with a minimal loss of two employees, accounting for only 6.7 percent of the subsector's employment. The seemingly large percentage decrease can be attributed to the small size of the subsector.

The average annual pay for this industry sector increased by $3,080 (6.6 percent), bringing the average up to $49,724 in 2010. Even with the increase in annual salary in 2010, it did not make up for the 2009 decrease of $4,248. This industry retained its fourth place ranking among the higher paying industries; it has remained stable for several years.

Oil and Gas Extraction (NAICS 211) was the only subsector not to lose any workers in 2010, with a gain of one worker bringing the total to 32 workers. This subsector had the smallest number of workers in the industry until last year. With the large decrease in the Support Activities subsector, it instead became the smallest. Apparently the oil shortages worldwide and the high crude oil prices have not impacted growth in this extraction subsector in South Dakota. This industry is comprised of establishments primarily engaged in operating and/or developing oil and gas field properties, and establishments primarily engaged in recovering liquid hydrocarbons from oil and gas field gasses.

The Mining (except Oil and Gas) subsector (NAICS 212) accounted for the greatest number of worker decreases in the industry, with the loss of 16 workers (2.1 percent). Functions in Mining (except Oil and Gas) include engaging in mining, mine site development and beneficiating (i.e., preparing) metallic minerals and nonmetallic minerals, including coal. The Support Activities for Mining subsector (NAICS 213) had a decrease of two workers (6.7 percent), a far cry from the 58 and 38 respective losses in these subsectors last year.

Industries in this Support Activities for Mining subsector provide support services, on a contract or fee basis, required for mining and quarrying of minerals and for the extraction of oil and gas. Establishments performing exploration (except geophysical surveying and mapping) for minerals on a contract or fee basis are included in this subsector. Exploration includes traditional prospecting methods, such as taking core samples and making geological observations at prospective sites. The assumption can be made that this growth in support activities in preparation for extraction is related to the continuing rise in fuel prices. There is a direct correlation between Support Activities and the other two subsectors in this industry.

Mining graph

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Marcia Hultman, Secretary
123 W. Missouri Ave.
Pierre, SD 57501-4505
Tel. 605.773.3101
Fax. 605.773.6184