Department of Labor and Regulation

Title - Labor Market Information Center

Covered Workers & Annual Pay - 2010 Annual Summary

Trade, Transportation & Utilities Industry Group

The Trade, Transportation and Utilities industry group is comprised of the Wholesale Trade industry, the Retail Trade industry, the Transportation and Warehousing industry, and the Utilities industry. Businesses within this industry group sell or arrange the sale of goods and supplies and retail merchandise to the public, provide transportation of passengers or cargo, or generate and/or distribute electricity, gas or water.

South Dakota Covered Workers and Pay
Trade, Transportation & Utilities Industry Group
Industry Group, Industry and Subsector
Number of Establishments Average Number of Workers Annual Pay
Trade, Transportation and Utilities 8,034 79,566 $31,217
  Wholesale Trade 2,477 18,571 $46,677
   Merchant Wholesalers, Durable Goods 850 7,990 $49,697
   Merchant Wholesalers, Nondurable Goods 892 9,163 $40,301
   Electronic Markets and Agents and Broker 735 1,419 $70,807
  Retail Trade 4,054 49,532 $23,079
   Motor Vehicle and Parts Dealers 583 6,417 $39,349
   Furniture and Home Furnishings Stores 187 1,314 $27,244
   Electronics and Appliance Stores 206 1,640 $32,193
   Building Material and Garden Supply Store 417 4,936 $27,564
   Food and Beverage Stores 357 8,596 $16,505
   Health and Personal Care Stores 262 2,116 $27,772
  Gasoline Stations 628 5,859 $16,471
   Clothing and Clothing Accessories Stores 344 2,578 $14,449
   Sporting Goods, Hobby, Book and Music Stores 212 2,092 $18,476
   General Merchandise Stores 181 9,869 $19,422
   Miscellaneous Store Retailers 502 2,852 $19,665
   Nonstore Retailers 175 1,263 $35,769
  Transportation and Warehousing 1,322 9,371 $36,082
   Air Transportation 32 212 $29,263
   Truck Transportation 933 5,053 $39,969
   Transit and Ground Passenger Transportation 97 1,270 $17,016
   Pipeline Transportation 9 66 $89,703
   Scenic and Sightseeing Transportation 10 86 $14,682
   Support Activities for Transportation 115 780 $39,190
   Postal Service 14 35 $15,256
   Couriers and Messengers 75 1,236 $38,487
   Warehousing and Storage 36 633 $35,534
  Utilities 181 2,092 $64,869
   Utilities 181 2,092 $64,869
Totals may not add due to rounding.
Data subject to revision.
Produced by the Labor Market Information Center, South Dakota Department of Labor, in cooperation with the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

back to top

Wholesale Trade
NAICS Sector 42

The Wholesale Trade sector comprises establishments engaged in wholesaling merchandise, generally without transformation, and rendering services incidental to the sale of merchandise. Three subsectors form the Wholesale Trade sector:

  • Merchant Wholesale, Durable Goods (NAICS 423)
  • Merchant Wholesale, Nondurable Goods (NAICS 424)
  • Electronic Markets and Agents and Brokers (NAICS 425)

With an increase of 276 workers, employment in the Wholesale Trade sector grew by 1.5 percent in 2010, regaining almost two-thirds of the sector’s job losses in 2009. Annual pay for the industry rose by 2.4 percent ($1,091). The number of establishments in the Wholesale Trade sector decreased by 14, primarily due to the decline in the number of establishments in the Electronic Markets and Agents and Brokers subsector.

The Merchant Wholesale, Durable Goods subsector grew in establishments, workers and annual pay. Twenty establishments were added, along with 166 employees, a 2.1 percent increase from 2009. Annual pay rose by 1.3 percent ($653). Businesses in this subsector sell capital or durable goods to other businesses. Durable goods are new or used items that have a normal life expectancy of three years or more. Durable goods include products such as motor vehicles, furniture, sporting goods, toys and construction materials.

Even though the number of establishments in the Merchant Wholesale, Nondurable Goods subsector declined by four in 2010, 95 employees were added (1.0 percent). Annual pay increased by 2.5 percent ($967). Establishments in this industry sell nondurable goods to other businesses. Nondurable goods generally have a normal life expectancy less than three years and include items such as paper and paper products, chemicals, drugs, petroleum, apparel and newspapers.

Following substandard years in 2008 and 2009, the Electronic Markets and Agents and Brokers subsector's establishment numbers continued to decline. This subsector decreased by 30 establishments, but gained 16 workers (1.1 percent increase). The annual pay increased by 6.1 percent ($4,089). Brokers and agents in this subsector act on behalf of buyers or sellers in the wholesale distribution of goods. They arrange for the sale of goods owned by others, generally on a fee or commission basis; therefore, annual pay in this industry can be unpredictable.


Wholesale Trade graph

back to top

Retail Trade
NAICS Sectors 44-45

Overall, the Retail Trade sector incurred losses in the number of establishments and workers in 2010; however, the declines were not nearly as steep as in 2009. The number of retail establishments decreased by 22, dropping the total to 4,054. The industry also lost 54 employees (0.1 percent). Average annual pay increased in all 12 retail subsectors, up 4.3 percent from $22,136 in 2009 to $23,079 in 2010.

Ranging from 0.3 to 3.2 percent growth, worker levels increased in seven of the 12 retail subsectors in 2010. Of the five subsectors whose worker-level numbers declined, only one subsector's losses were greater than 1.5 percent. This is an improvement from 2009, when eight subsectors had worker level declines greater than 1.5 percent, with three of those subsectors losing more than 5 percent of their workers. In 2010, only Sporting Goods, Hobby and Musical Instrument Stores (NAICS 451) crossed that threshold, with a 6.1 percent worker loss (137 employees). The industry, which includes hobby, sewing, toy, sporting goods, book and music stores, added two establishments; average annual pay increased by $936 (5.3 percent).

Three subsectors grew or held steady in establishments, employees and average annual pay in 2010. Retailers in Health and Personal Care Stores (NAICS 446) added eight establishments and 61 workers (3.0 percent). Annual pay increased by $150 (0.5 percent). Industries in the Health and Personal Care Stores subsector sell health and personal care merchandise from fixed point-of-sale retail locations. Pharmacies, drug stores, beauty supply stores, food (health) supplement stores and convalescent supply stores are some of the retailers in this subsector.

After facing worker losses greater than 5 percent in 2009, the Motor Vehicle and Parts Dealers (NAICS 441) subsector began to turn around in 2010 with the addition of 186 workers (3.0 percent) and an average annual pay increase of $3,058 (8.4 percent). The number of establishments remained unchanged at 583. Motor Vehicle and Parts Dealers includes dealerships for new and used cars, boats, motorcycles and recreational vehicles as well as automotive parts and tire stores.

Electronics and Appliance Stores (NAICS 443) rounded out the trio of sectors that held steady or showed growth across the board. This sector, which sells new electronics and appliance merchandise from point-of-sale locations, added six establishments, 51 workers (3.2 percent) and increased its average annual pay by $679 (2.2 percent).

Retail Trade graph

back to top

Transportation and Warehousing
NAICS Sectors 48-49

The number of businesses in the Transportation and Warehousing sector held steady at 1,322 as the number of employees declined by 123 workers (1.3 percent) during 2010. Average annual pay increased by 3.2 percent, or $1,125.

The Transportation and Warehousing sector distinguishes three basic types of activities:

  • Subsectors for each mode of transportation (i.e. air, rail, water, etc.).
  • A subsector for warehousing and storage.
  • A subsector for establishments providing support activities for transportation.

In addition, there are subsectors for establishments that provide passenger transportation for scenic and sightseeing purposes, postal services and courier services.

The majority of the worker losses in 2010 originated in the Truck Transportation subsector (NAICS 484). This industry experienced a loss of 135 workers (2.6 percent), dropping from a level of 5,188 to 5,053 over the year. Average annual pay increased by 3.3 percent ($1,279). Truck transportation, which provides over-the-road cargo transportation, includes both general and specialized freight transport. Each of these categories can also be broken down into local (which typically involves a same-day return trip) and long distance.

The Couriers and Messengers subsector (NAICS 492) was the only subsector to see gains across all three categories, as establishments increased by five, workers by three and average annual pay by $961 (2.6 percent). Industries in this subsector provide intercity and/or local delivery of small parcels and documents without operating under a universal service obligation. Messengers, who usually deliver within a metropolitan or single urban area, may use bicycle, small truck or van, or may be on foot.

Reversing course slightly from the last two years, the Transit and Ground Passenger Transportation subsector (NAICS 485) saw the number of establishments decline by three. The workforce continued to grow, although not as rapidly as in 2008 or 2009. With an additional 19 workers, this subsector gained the most workers in the Transportation and Warehousing sector (1.5 percent). Average annual pay edged up by $411 (2.5 percent). Activities in this subsector include a variety of passenger transportation options, such as urban transit systems, chartered buses, school buses, shuttle services and taxis.

The Scenic and Sightseeing Transportation subsector (NAICS 487) saw the biggest percentage gain in the number of workers for this sector, as the additional seven workers reflected an 8.9 percent increase in the subsector’s workforce. Establishments held steady at 10, while average annual pay increased by 1.3 percent ($186). Activities in this subsector provide entertainment and recreation through the use of a variety of land, air and water transportation options, including tour buses, trams, charter fishing boats, trains, trolleys and hot air balloons.

Transpotation & Warehousing graph

back to top

NAICS Sector 22

The Utilities sector is comprised of establishments engaged in the provision of the following utility services: electric power, natural gas, steam supply, water supply and sewage removal. Within this sector, the specific activities associated with the utility services provided vary by utility. Electric power includes generation, transmission and distribution. Natural gas includes distribution, and steam supply includes provision and/or distribution. Water supply includes treatment and distribution. Sewage removal includes collection, treatment and disposal of waste through sewer systems and sewage treatment facilities.

Over the year the Utilities sector lost one establishment in one area and gained one establishment in another, maintaining 181 establishments in the industry but losing 270 workers overall. The Utilities subsector has one subsector, also called utilities, but has three industry groups within the subsector. Approximately 90 percent of the losses occurred in the same industry group that showed the largest growth in workers in 2009: Electric Power Generation, Transmission and Distribution (NAICS 2211). This industry group is comprised of establishments engaged in generation facilities producing electric energy, the operation of transmission systems that deliver electricity from the generation facility to the distribution system, and the operation of distribution systems that transfer electric power from the generation facility or the transmission system to the final consumer. The other two industry groups reporting losses were Natural Gas Distribution (NAICS 2212) and Water, Sewage and Other Systems (NAICS 2213).

The Utilities sector ranks second to last among South Dakota's major industries in the number of workers employed (2,092 workers in 2010). The majority of the workers in this sector (approximately 81 percent) are employed in the Electric Power Generation, Transmission and Distribution subsector (NAICS 2211). The other two subsectors of Natural Gas Distribution (NAICS 2212) and Water, Sewage and Other Systems (NAICS 2213) account for the balance of the employment in the Utilities industry.

Historically, the Utilities industry has shown a very small percentage annual increase or no change in employment levels; it is a very stable industry. Higher than average annual salaries and low turnover in the utilities industry usually contribute to that stability. Most of the turnover in this industry is due to retirement. The 270 decrease was highly unusual for this industry but can be explained by the completion of short term projects such as replacing poles damaged by winter storms and fewer workers needed in the turbine generating industry group.

Although the Utilities industry took a small decrease in annual pay in 2010, this sector still enjoyed one of the highest annual pay statistics in 2010. Annual pay fell by $407 (0.6 percent) to $64,869 for 2010. But yet Utilities ranks second from the top for annual pay among all industries in 2010, topped only by Management of Companies and Enterprises (Sector 55).

Utilities graph

back to top

Back to Covered Workers menu

Marcia Hultman, Secretary
123 W. Missouri Ave.
Pierre, SD 57501-4505
Tel. 605.773.3101
Fax. 605.773.6184