Rapid City Metro Area Profile - Local Employment Dynamics (LED)
About the Rapid City Metro Area
In order to qualify as a Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA), an area must have at least one urbanized area with a population of 50,000 or more, plus adjacent territory that has a high degree of social and economic integration with the core as measured by commuting ties. The Rapid City MSA consists of Pennington and Meade counties.
The following tables compare the area's total employment, new hires and average wages by age and gender for the third quarters of 2011 and 2012.
Total Employment: The estimate of the total number of jobs on the first day of the reference quarter.
In the third quarter of 2012, jobs totaled 60,082 for the Rapid City MSA, a 1.8 percent increase (1,075 jobs gained) over the year.
Employment by Gender
In the Rapid City MSA, the workforce was 51 percent female and 49 percent male for the third quarter of 2012.
Women ages 22 to 24 years had the greatest decline with a 3.1 percent loss. The greatest increase was 6.8 percent for those 65 to 99 years.
With a 1.8 percent decrease, males 45 to 54 years were the only ones to see a drop in total employment for their gender greater than 1 percent. The age groups capping the ends of the spectrum had the greatest increases in employment levels: 15 percent for the 14- to 18-year-olds and 10.2 percent for the 65- to 99-year-olds.
New Hires: The estimated number of workers who started a new job. More specifically, total hires who worked for an employer in the specified quarter and were not employed by that employer in any of the previous four quarters.
In the Rapid City MSA, total new hires increased 2.6 percent from 2011 to 2012 (third quarters).
Females held the top five spots regarding new hire level increases over the year. New hires increased by more than 18 percent for females ages 55 and older. Women from their early twenties to mid-thirties also registered double-digit percentage increases. New hires for females in the 45 to 54 and 19 to 21 groups declined, by 3.7 percent and 0.4 percent, respectively.
New hire levels for the majority of the male age groups declined over the year. With a 15.2 percent drop, 55- to 64-year-old males were the only ones to experience a double-digit decline. At 7.2 percent, the youngest group (14 to 18 years) had the greatest increase in new hire levels for the men.
Average monthly earnings: The average monthly earnings of employees with stable jobs (worked at the same firm for the entire quarter).
In the Rapid City MSA, a majority of the age groups' average monthly earnings decreased. Overall, earnings fell 0.7 percent from 2011 to 2012 (third quarters).
Overall, women's average monthly earnings decreased by 0.9 percent. The two youngest age groups bucked this trend with increases of 3.4 percent (14- to 18-year-olds) and 2.2 percent (19- to 22-year-olds). The eldest age group (65 to 99) also increased slightly at 0.2 percent. The greatest earnings loss for women was a 1.6 percent decline for the 35 to 44 group.
Overall, men's average monthly earnings decreased by 0.7 percent. With a 19.9 percent rise in average earnings, the 65- to 99-year olds shouldered the bulk of the increase. It was by far the highest increase for either gender. Earnings also rose for the 19- to 21-year-olds and the 45- to 54-year-olds, but by less than half a percentage for each group. Men in their early twenties to mid-thirties lost between 2.3 percent and 3.4 percent, the most for either gender.
Rapid City MSA On The Map
The following graphics provide labor shed data (where people in the area live and work) for the Rapid City MSA. At the beginning of the second quarter in 2011 (the most current data available), 87.2 percent of people who lived in the Rapid City MSA had a primary job in the MSA. The other 12.8 percent lived in the MSA, but worked outside the area. Of those employed in the area, 18.9 percent commute from outside the MSA. A primary job is the highest paying job for an individual worker. Primary jobs are public- and private-sector jobs, one job per worker.
About the Local Employment Dynamics (LED) Data
The LED partnership is the cornerstone of a program designed to develop new information about local labor markets. This partnership between state labor market information agencies and the Census Bureau supplies new measures known as Quarterly Workforce Indicators (QWI). The LED data compiled throughout this report by the U.S. Census Bureau is not reflective of labor market reports from other Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) programs.
Note: Federal government employment is not generally included in the QWI data. Exempted employment varies slightly from state to state due to variations in state unemployment laws, but generally also excludes many farmers and agricultural employees, domestic workers, self-employed non-agricultural workers, members of the Armed Services, some state and local government employees as well as certain types of nonprofit employers and religious organizations (which are given a choice of coverage or non-coverage in a number of states).
How is confidentiality addressed in the data?
The Census Bureau and the state partners are committed to protecting the confidentiality of the data in the LED files. Technically, the approach to avoid disclosure of individual information combines cell suppression methodology with the addition of statistical noise, controlling key measures to county employment levels as reported by the Bureau of Labor Statistics.
You can easily access the LED data tools on the U.S. Census Bureau's website. The Labor Market Information Center's economic analysts are familiar with the tools and are available to assist you. Please contact us as needed for assistance.
700 Governors Drive
Pierre, SD 57501-2291