Rapid City Metro Area Profile - Local Employment Dynamics (LED)
About the Rapid City Metro Area
In order to qualify as a Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA), an area must have at least one urbanized area with a population of 50,000 or more, plus adjacent territory that has a high degree of social and economic integration with the core as measured by commuting ties. The Rapid City MSA consists of Pennington and Meade counties.
The following tables compare the area's total employment, new hires and average wages by age and gender for the second quarters of 2012 and 2013.
Total Employment: The estimate of the total number of jobs on the first day of the reference quarter. Each job a person has is included; therefore multiple jobholders are counted more than once.
In the second quarter of 2013, jobs totaled 59,351 for the Rapid City MSA, a 0.5 percent decrease (303 jobs lost) over the year. The Manufacturing sector gained the most jobs (223), followed by the Finance and Insurance sector (166). The Construction sector lost the most jobs (366) and had the second highest percentage loss (-8 percent) when compared to the same quarter in 2012. Manufacturing's 223 job increase also equaled the greatest percentage jump (8.8 percent rise) for the second quarter of 2013. With a loss of 27 jobs, the Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction sector lost more than quarter of its jobs over the year. It was the sole sector to experience a double-digit percentage loss, but this sector only made up 0.1 percent total employment in the Rapid City MSA.
Employment by Age
The eldest and youngest age groups had the greatest percentage increase in employment levels, at 3.2 percent and 2.6 percent, respectively. More than one-third of the eldest workers have jobs in the Retail Trade (20 percent) or Health Care and Social Assistance (15.3 percent) sectors. For the youngest workers, more than 70 percent work in either the Accommodation and Food Services sector (50.1 percent) or the Retail Trade sector (21.8 percent).
The 45- to 54-year-olds experienced the greatest job losses, both numerically and by percentage. The job count dropped by 573 (4.3 percent), with the Construction and Retail Trade sectors each losing more than 100 jobs. The greatest percentage loss was in Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction sector, but this sector only made up 0.1 percent of the total jobs in the Rapid City MSA in the second quarter of 2013. Of sectors that made up at least 5 percent or more of the area's total jobs, the Construction sector had the greatest percentage loss at 11.6 percent.
Employment by Gender and Age
In the Rapid City MSA, the workforce was 52 percent female and 48 percent male during the second quarter of 2013.
More than half of the Rapid City MSA's female workforce worked in Health Care and Social Assistance, Retail Trade, and Accommodation and Food Services. The Health Care and Social Assistance sector employed about 28 percent of female workers.
Women ages 45 to 54 years had the greatest decline with a 4.6 percent loss. The greatest increase was 4.5 percent for those in the eldest age group.
About half of the Rapid City MSA's male workforce worked in Retail Trade, Construction, Accommodation and Food Services, or Health Care and Social Assistance. The Retail Trade sector employed more than 16 percent of male workers. Males in the 45 to 54 age group also had the greatest overall decline at 3.9 percent. Employment levels for males 35 to 44 years increased by 2.7 percent, the greatest increase for males over the year.
New Hires: The estimated number of workers who started a new job. More specifically, total hires who worked for an employer in the specified quarter and were not employed by that employer in any of the previous four quarters. New hire activity is heavily affected by seasonality and economic influences.
In the Rapid City MSA, total new hires increased 0.8 percent from 2012 to 2013 (second quarters). Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting sector gained the most new hires (194), followed by Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction (138); total new hires in the Public Administration sector declined the most (down 235) when compared to the second quarter of 2012.
New Hires by Age
The 25 to 34 year age group made up 23.2 percent of the new hires in the second quarter of 2013 (the most of any age group), but they had 61 fewer new hires compared to the second quarter of 2012, equaling a 1.9 percent drop. With a 5 percent gain over the year, the youngest group claimed the top spot in growth. New hire levels fell in three age groups, with eldest group declining the most at 5.3 percent.
New Hires by Gender and Age
In the Rapid City MSA, the new hires for the first quarter of 2013 were 50 percent female and 50 percent male.
More than 40 percent of female new hires were employed in the Accommodations and Food Services sector; more than two-thirds of Rapid City MSA's female new hires were employed in Accommodations and Food Services, Retail Trade, or Health Care and Social Assistance.
The greatest percent increase in new hires for females was in the 45 to 54 year group at 7.3 percent. New hires fell by 5.1 percent in the 65 to 99 year group.
The Accommodations and Food Services sector also employed the most male new hires at 30.7 percent; more than half of the Rapid City MSA's male new hires worked in Accommodations and Food Services, Construction or Retail Trade.
At 9.7 percent, males 55 to 64 years had the highest percentage increase in new hire levels for either gender. With a 6.2 percent drop, 25- to 34-year-olds' new hire percentage levels declined the most among males.
Average monthly earnings: The average monthly earnings of employees with stable jobs (worked at the same firm for the entire quarter). Earnings measures are a mix of full-time and part-time jobs (not adjusted for hours).
In the Rapid City MSA, earnings rose 2.3 percent from 2012 to 2013 (second quarters).
Earnings by Age
The three age groups comprised of those 35 to 64 years old earned wages that topped $3,500 on average for the second quarter of 2013; the newest workforce members (14- to 18-year-olds) earned more than $500 on average. The 22- to 24-year-olds' wages increased by 4.1 percent over the year, the greatest percentage increase among the age groups. With a 1.4 percent drop in earnings, the eldest age group was the only one that earned less on average than the previous year.
Earnings by Gender and Age
Overall, women's average monthly earnings increased by 2.7 percent; none of the female age groups earnings declined over the year. Earnings for women 45 to 54 years old increased the most at 5 percent.
Overall, men's average monthly earnings increased 1.8 percent. With a 3.3 percent drop, males 65 to 99 years experienced the greatest loss in earnings. The 25- to 34-year-olds' average earnings increased by 3.5 percent, the most among the male age groups.
Rapid City MSA On The Map
The following graphics provide labor shed data (where people in the area live and work) for the Rapid City MSA. At the beginning of the second quarter in 2011 (the most current data available), 87.2 percent of people who lived in the Rapid City MSA had a primary job in the MSA. The other 12.8 percent lived in the MSA, but worked outside the area. Of those employed in the area, 18.9 percent commute from outside the MSA. A primary job is the highest paying job for an individual worker. Primary jobs are public- and private-sector jobs, one job per worker.
About the Local Employment Dynamics (LED) Data
The LED partnership is the cornerstone of a program designed to develop new information about local labor markets. This partnership between state labor market information agencies and the Census Bureau supplies new measures known as Quarterly Workforce Indicators (QWI). The LED data compiled throughout this report by the U.S. Census Bureau is not reflective of labor market reports from other Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) programs.
Note: Federal government employment is not generally included in the QWI data. Exempted employment varies slightly from state to state due to variations in state unemployment laws, but generally also excludes many farmers and agricultural employees, domestic workers, self-employed non-agricultural workers, members of the Armed Services, some state and local government employees as well as certain types of nonprofit employers and religious organizations (which are given a choice of coverage or non-coverage in a number of states).
How is confidentiality addressed in the data?
The Census Bureau and the state partners are committed to protecting the confidentiality of the data in the LED files. Technically, the approach to avoid disclosure of individual information combines cell suppression methodology with the addition of statistical noise, controlling key measures to county employment levels as reported by the Bureau of Labor Statistics.
You can easily access the LED data tools on the U.S. Census Bureau's website. The Labor Market Information Center's economic analysts are familiar with the tools and are available to assist you. Please contact us as needed for assistance.